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雅思阅读分类词汇200

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雅思阅读分类词汇——文化类(40 个) 1. discrepancy n. 差异 a difference between two or more things that should be the same 2. misconception n. 误解 a belief or an idea that is not based on correct information ,or that is not understood by people 3. discrimination n. 区别,歧视 the practice of treating sb. or a particular group in society less fairly than others 4. hierarchy n. 等级制度 a system especially in a society or an organization, in which people are or organized into different levels of importance from highest to lowest 5. patriot n. 爱国者 a person who loves their country and who is ready to defend it against an enemy 6. compatriot n. 同胞 a person who was born in, or is a citizen of ,the same country as sb. else 7. vernacular n. 本国的 本地话,本国话 the language or dialect that is most widely spoken by ordinary people in a region or country 8. immigration n. 移入 the process of coming to live permanently in a country that is not your own 9. permeate n. 渗透,弥漫(liquid, gas, etc) to spread to every part of an object or a place 10. entrepreneur n. 企 业 家 a person who makes money by starting or running businesses ,especially when this involves taking financial risks 11. practitioner n. 开业者,从业者 a person who works in a profession ,especially medicine or law. 12. anecdote n. 轶事 amusing account of something that has happened 13. notoriety n. 恶名 becoming well-known for something bad 14. counterpart n. 对应人, 对等物 another person or thing that has a similar function or position in a different place. 15. subordinate n. 下级 someone who has a less important position than you in the organization that you both work for. 16. tactics n. 战术,技巧 the branch of military science dealing with detailed maneuvers to achieve objectives set by strategy 17. punctual adj. 准时的,守时的 acting or arriving or performed exactly at the time appointed 18. harass n. 骚扰 annoy continually or chronically 19. redundancy n. 冗余,冗员 the attribute of being superfluous and unneeded 20. downsize n. 裁员 the practice of redesigning a vehicle to retain the interior volume, and often the nameplate and styling of a larger car to a smaller, more efficient platform 21. ballot n. 投票 the system of voting in writing and usually in secret; the piece of paper on which sb. marks who they are voting for 22. impartial adj. 不偏不倚的 not supporting one person or group more than another 23. lobby n.大堂 a large area inside the entrance of a public building where people can meet and wait v. 游说 to try to influence a politician or the government and for example, persuade them to support or oppose a change in the law 24. equilibrium n. *衡,均衡 a state of balance , especially between opposing forces or influences; a calm state of mind and a balance of emotions 25. questionnaire n. 调查表,问卷 a written list of questions that are answered by a number of people so that information can be collected from the answers 26. quantitative adj. 定量的 connected with the amount or a number of sth. rather than with how good it is 27. contingency n. 偶然性,偶然事件 an event that may or may not happen 28. incur v. 招致 to suffer the unpleasant results of a situation that you have caused 29. ethical adj. 伦理的,符合伦理的 connected with beliefs of what is right or wrong 30. dubious adj. 疑惑的,可疑的 not certain and slightly suspicious about sth. 31. manifestation n. 显示,证明 the act of appearing as a sign that sth. exists or is happening 32. vogue n. 时尚 a fashion for sth. 33. bizarre adj. 奇异的,古怪的 very strange or unusual

34. mediocre adj. *庸的 (disapproving)not very good; of only average standard 35. dietitian n. 营养学家 a person whose job is to advise people on what kind of food they should eat to healthy 36. connoisseur n. 行家 鉴赏家 an expert on matters involving the judgment of beauty, quality or skill in art , food or music 37. homogeneous adj. 由相同事物 (或人) 组成的; 同种类的 consisting of things or people that are all the same or all of the same type 38. mainstream n. 主流思想 主流群体 the ideas and opinions that are thought to be normal because they are shared by most people; the people whose ideas and opinions are most accepted 39. dialect n. 方言 the form of a language that is spoken in one area with grammar, words and pronunciation that may be different from other forms of the same language 40. quantitative adj. 定量的 connected with the amount or a number of sth. rather than with how good it is 雅思阅读分类词汇——生物/生理类(40 个) 41. molecule adj. 分子 (physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound 42. protein n. 蛋白质 any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells 43. enzyme n. 酶 proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions 44. catalyst n. 催化剂(chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected 45. chlorophyll n. 叶绿素 a green substance in plants which enables them to use the energy from sunlight in order to grow 46. photosynthesis n. 光合作用 the process by which a green plant turns water and carbon dioxide into food when the plant is exposed to light 47. botany n. 植物学 a branch of science that deals with plant life 48. flora n. 植物群 all the plant life in a particular region or period 49. fauna n. 动物群 all the animal life in a particular region or period 50. bacterium n. 细菌 any one of a group of very small living things that often cause disease 51. fungus n. 真菌 a parasitic plant lacking chlorophyll and leaves and true stems and roots and reproducing by spores 52. organism n. 机体,组织 a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently 53. arthropod n. 节肢动物 invertebrate having jointed limbs and a segmented body with an exoskeleton made of chitin 54. reptile n. 爬行动物 a group of cold-blooded animals which have skins covered with small hard plates called scales and lay eggs 55. amphibian n. 两栖动物 animals such as frogs and toads that can live both on land and in water 56. mammal n. 哺乳动物 any warm-blooded vertebrate having the skin more or less covered with hair 57. primate n. 灵长目动物 a member of the group of mammals which includes humans, monkeys, and apes 58. evolution n. 进化 a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage 59. anthropoid n. 类人猿 any member of the suborder Anthropoidea including monkeys and apes and hominids 60. gene n. 基因 (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain 61. genetics n. 遗传学 the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms 62. helix n. 螺旋,螺旋状物 a curve that lies on the surface of a cylinder or cone and cuts the element at a constant angle 63. identical adj. 同一的;完全相同的 exactly alike; incapable of being perceived as different

64. mutation n. 突变 any event that changes genetic structure; any alteration in the inherited nucleic acid sequence of the genotype of an organism 65. predator n. 捕食者 an animal that kills and eats other animals 66. embryo n.胚胎 an unborn animal or human being in the very early stages of development 67. hibernate n. 冬眠 spend the winter in a state like a deep sleep 68. torpid adj. 麻木的,蛰伏的 in a condition of biological rest or suspended animation 69. cerebral adj. (大)脑的 relating to the brain 70. hemisphere n. 半球 one half of the brain; one half of the earth 71. cortex n. 脑皮层 the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal 72. somatic adj. 躯体的 affecting or characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit 73. limb n. 四肢 one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping: arm; leg; wing; flipper 74. anatomy n. 解剖,剖析 the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals 75. paralyze n. 使瘫痪 make powerless and unable to function 76. artery n. 动脉 a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body 77. gland n. 腺体 any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream 78. hormone n. 荷尔蒙,激素 the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect 79. cholesterol n. 胆固醇 an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues 80. fade v. 凋谢,褪色 gradually become paler; gradually cease to be visible 雅思阅读分类词汇——教育类(40 个) 81. accommodation n.(膳宿)供应 somewhere to live or stay, often also providing food or other services 82. lodging n.寄宿(处) temporary accommodation 83. lease v. 出租 to use or let sb. use sth., especially property or equipment, in exchange for rent or a regular payment 84. tenant n. 房客, 佃户 someone who pays rent for the place they live in, or for land or buildings that they use. 85. landlord n.房东 a person or company from whom you rent a room, a house, an office, etc. 86. dormitory n.寝室 a room for several people to sleep in, especially in a school or other institutions 87. reciprocal a.相互的,互惠的 agreement involves two people or groups who do the same thing to each other or agree to help each another in a similar way. 88. flat a.*的,瘪的,n.公寓 having a level surface, not curved or sloping ; not containing enough air, usually because of a hole ; a set of rooms for living in, including a kitchen, usually on one floor of a building 89. utensil n.器皿 tools or objects that you use in order to help you to cook or to do other tasks in your home. 90. stationery n.文具 paper, envelopes, and other materials or equipment used for writing 91. laundry n. 洗衣,洗衣店 the process or the job of washing clothes, sheets, etc. ; a business or place where you send sheets, clothes, etc. to be washed 92. cafeteria n.自助餐厅 a restaurant where you choose and pay for your meal at a counter and carry it to a table. Cafeterias are often found in factories, colleges, hospitals, etc. 93. cater v. 满足(需要) to provide food and drinks for a social event 94. amateur n. 业余爱好者; 业余运动员; 生手; 外行 a person who takes part in a sport or other activity for enjoyment, not as a job ; (usually disapproving) a person who is not skilled 95. excursion n.远足 a short journey made for pleasure, especially one that has been organized for a group of people 96. commonwealth n.共和国, 联邦 an organization consisting of the United Kingdom and most of the countries that used to be part of the British Empire 97. illiterate a.文盲 不识字的 not knowing how to read or write

98. discipline n. 学科, 纪律 the practice of training people to obey rules and orders and punishing them if they do not; the controlled behavior or situation that results from this training ; an area of knowledge; a subject that people study or are taught, especially in a university 99. terminology n.术语 a system of words used to name things in a particular discipline 100. faculty n.(高等院校的)系,院 ; 全体教师 a department or group of related departments in a college or university ; all the teachers of a particular university or college 101.dean n .教堂主任牧师;系主任;院长;教务长 a senior official at a college or university 102.curriculum n.1.(一个学校,专业,或学科的)全部课程;2.(取得毕业资格等的)必修课程 the subjects that students study at a particular school or college 103.syllabus n.教学大纲、课程大纲;课程提纲;课程纲要 a list of the topics, books, etc. that students should study in a particular subject at school or college 104.calendar n.日历;历法;日程表; 挂历 a set of pages showing the days, weeks, and months of a particular year 105. compulsory adj.强制的; 义务的; 强迫的; 必修的 something that is compulsory must be done because of a rule or law 106.recruit v.吸收 (新成员) ; 征募 (新兵) ; 组建 to get someone to work in a company or join an organization; to get someone to join the military 107.prestige n.声望;威望;威信 the high reputation and respect that someone or something has earned, based on their impressive achievements, quality, etc. 108.esteem n.尊重;敬重;好评 a feeling of admiration and respect for someone 109.aptitude n.天赋; 天资; 天生的才能; 资质; 能力倾向 natural ability that makes it easy for you to do something well 110. matriculation n.录取入学;入学礼;(大学)入学考试 the act or process of matriculating at a college or university 111.vocation n.职业,使命;神召,天命 the particular occupation for which you are trained 112.abbreviation n.省略,缩写,简化,缩写词 a shortened form of a word or phrase 113.scholarship n.奖学金;学术;学识 financial aid provided to a student on the basis of academic merit 114.tutorial n.个人辅导的;教程,辅导材料;使用说明书 a session of intensive tuition given by a tutor to an individual or to a small number of students adj.家庭教师的;指导教师的;辅导的;监护人的 of or relating to tutors or tutoring; 115assignment n.分给, 分配; 任务, 工作, (课外) 作业 a duty that you are assigned to perform (especially in the armed forces); 116.dissertation n.专题论文,学位论文;学术演讲 a treatise advancing a new point of view resulting from research 117.credential n.外交使节所递的国书,信任状;文凭 a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts 118.alumni n. (男) 校友, (男) 毕业生; 校友( alumnus 的名词复数 )a person who has received a degree from a school (high school or college or university) 119.overestimate v.对 (数量) 估计过高, 对…作过高的评价; , 对…估计过高 make too high an estimate of 120.caliber n.口径;能力;水准 a degree or grade of excellence or worth 雅思阅读分类词汇——环境类(40 个) 121. conservation n. 保存, 保持; 保护 an occurrence of improvement by virtue of preventing loss or injury or other change

122. acid n. 酸;<俚>迷幻药 adj. 酸的;讽刺的;刻薄的 being sour to the taste 123. carbon n. [化学] 碳; 碳棒; 复写纸 an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms 124. ozone n. [化学] 臭氧;新鲜的空气 a colorless gas (O3) soluble in alkalis and cold water 125. radiation n. 辐射; 发光; 放射物 energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles 126. greenhouse n. 温室 a building with glass walls and roof; for the cultivation and exhibition of plants under controlled conditions 127. solar adj. 太阳的; 日光的; 利用太阳光的; 与太阳相关的 relating to or derived from the sun or utilizing the energies of the sun 128. phenomenon n. 现象;奇迹;杰出的人才 a remarkable development 129. catastrophe n. 大灾难;大祸;惨败 an event resulting in great loss and misfortune 130. deterioration n. 恶化;退化;堕落 a symptom of reduced quality or strength 131. extinction n. 消失;消灭;废止 no longer in existence 132. endangered adj. 濒临灭绝的;有生命危险的 in imminent danger of extinction 133. drought n. 干旱;缺乏 a shortage of rainfall 134. recurrent adj. 复发的;周期性的,经常发生的 recurring again and again 135. inundate vt. 淹没;泛滥;浸水;(洪水般的)扑来 fill quickly beyond capacity; as with a liquid 136. desertification n. (土壤)荒漠化;沙漠化 the gradual transformation of habitable land into desert; is usually caused by climate change or by destructive use of the land 137. barren adj. 贫瘠的;无益的;沉闷无趣的;空洞的 providing no shelter or sustenance 138. attributable adj. 可归于…的;可归属的 capable of being attributed 139. deforestation n. 采伐森林;森林开伐 the state of being clear of trees 140. log vi. 伐木 vt. 切;伐木;航行 a segment of the trunk of a tree when stripped of branches 141. vegetation n. 植物,植被 all the plant life in a particular region or period 142. habitat n. 栖息地 the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs 143. ecosystem n. 生态系统 a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment 144. demographic adj.人口统计的 relating to or concerning demography 145. counterbalance vt. 使*衡,弥补 balance or correct it with something that has an equal but opposite effect 146. mechanism n.机理,机制 a special way of getting something done within a particular system 147. precipitation n.陡降,降水 rain, snow, or hail 148. circulation n.流通,循环 movement through a circuit 149. meteorology n. 气象 ( 学 )the earth science dealing with phenomena of the atmosphere (especially weather) 150. volcano n.火山 a fissure in the earth's crust (or in the surface of some other planet) through which molten lava and gases erupt 151. eruption n .喷发 the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge of steam and volcanic material 152. latitude n. 纬度 an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator 153. tropical adj.热带的; 热情的; 酷热的 relating to or situated in or characteristic of the tropics (the region on either side of the equator)

154. glacier n. 冰川 a slowly moving mass of ice 155. contaminate vt. 弄脏 make radioactive by adding radioactive material 156. irreversible adj.不可逆的 incapable of being reversed 157. reclaim vt..开垦 改造 bring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one 158. contentious adj.有争议的 inclined or showing an inclination to dispute or disagree, even to engage in law suits 159. opt vi.选择 select as an alternative; choose instead; prefer as an alternative 160. prioritize vt.优先考虑 assign a priority to 雅思阅读分类词汇——科技类(20 个) 161.ubiquitous adj. 普遍存在的;无所不在的 seeming to be everywhere or in several places at the same time 162.versatile adj. (人)多才多艺的 (of a person) able to do many different things (物)通用的(of food, a building, etc.) having many different uses 163.transmute v. (使)变形; (使)变质 to change, or make sth. change into sth. different 164.arduous adj. 艰苦的,艰难的 involving a lot of effort and energy, especially over a period of time 165.pitfall n. 陷阱,隐患,未预见的困难 a danger or difficulty, especially one that is hidden or not obvious at first 166.inflammable adj. 易燃的 that can burn easily 167.opaque adj.不透明的,不透光的,浑浊的 not clear enough to see through or allow light through 168.browser n.浏览器 a program that lets you look at or read documents on the Internet 169.hypertext n.超文本 text stored in a computer system that contains links that allow the user to move from one piece of text or document to another 170.envisage v.想象,设想,展望 to imagine what will happen in the future 171.patent v. 授予专利;取得…的专利权 adj. 专利的 n. 专利权; 执照; 专利品 a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention 172.chronological adj. 按年代顺序排列的;依时间前后排列而记载的 relating to or arranged according to temporal order 173.artificial adj. 人造的;仿造的;虚伪的;非原产地的;武断的 contrived by art rather than nature 174.infrastructure n. 基础设施; 公共建设; 下部构造 the basic structure or features of a system or organization 175.hydraulic adj. 液压的;水力的;水力学的 moved or operated or effected by liquid (water or oil) 176.ventilation n. 通风设备;空气流通 the act of supplying fresh air and getting rid of foul air; a mechanical system in a building that provides fresh air 177.asymmetry n. 不对称 a lack of symmetry 178.bilateral adj. 双边的;有两边的 having identical parts on each side of an axis 179.paradoxical adj. 矛盾的;诡论的;似非而是的 seemingly contradictory but nonetheless possibly true 180.empirical adj. 经验主义的,完全根据经验的;实证的 derived from experiment and observation rather than theory 雅思阅读分类词汇——心理类(20 个) 181.physiology n.生理学 the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of

organisms 182.psychiatry n.精神病学 the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders 183.perception n.感知,认知,感觉,理解 becoming aware of something via the senses 184.intuition n. 知觉,直觉 instinctive knowing (without the use of rational processes) 185.incentive n.动机; 刺激; 诱因; 鼓励 a positive motivational influence 186.stimulus n.刺激 any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action 187.trauma n.创伤 any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.;an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects 188.insomnia n.失眠症 an inability to sleep; chronic sleeplessness 189.workaholic n.工作狂 person with a compulsive need to work 190.paranoid adj.属于偏执狂的; 患妄想狂的; 过分猜疑的 suffering from paranoia n.偏执狂患者; 妄想症患者 a person afflicted with paranoia 191. symptom n.症状(medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease 192.diagnosis n.诊断 identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon 193.assertive adj. 武断的,独断的; 断言的,肯定的; 刚毅坚定而自信的 inclined to bold and confident assertion; aggressively self-assured 194.therapy n.治疗,疗法,疗效; 心理治疗; 治疗力 (medicine) the act of caring for someone (as by medication or remedial training etc.) 195.hypnotism n.催眠术 the act of inducing hypnosis 196.prescribe v.开药方 issue commands or orders for 197.tranquilizer n.镇静药,止痛药, 增稳装置 a drug used to reduce stress or tension without reducing mental clarity 198.adolescence n.青春期,青年期 the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood 199.superstition n.迷信,迷信行为;an irrational belief arising from ignorance or fear 200.innate adj.天赋的, 天生的; 特有的,固有的; 内在的,直觉的 not established by conditioning or learning;




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